Disley

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Disley
Disley in 2005.jpg
Disley village centre
Disley is located in Cheshire
Disley
Disley
Location within Cheshire
Population4,294 (2011)
OS grid referenceSJ972845
• London186 miles (299 km)
Civil parish
  • Disley
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSTOCKPORT
Postcode districtSK12
Dialling code01663
PoliceCheshire
FireCheshire
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire
53°21′25″N 2°02′35″W / 53.357°N 2.043°W / 53.357; -2.043Coordinates: 53°21′25″N 2°02′35″W / 53.357°N 2.043°W / 53.357; -2.043

Disley is a village and civil parish in Cheshire, England,[1][2] on the edge of the Peak District in the Goyt valley south of Stockport, close to the county boundary with Derbyshire at New Mills. The population at the 2011 Census was 4,294.[3] To the north, the River Goyt and the Peak Forest Canal, which opened in 1800, pass along the edge of the village. Today it is a dormitory village retaining a semi-rural character.

Disley railway station is on the Manchester to Buxton line.

The parish includes part of the neighbouring village of Newtown, the bulk of which is in Derbyshire.[4]

History[edit]

Its Anglo-Saxon name was Dystiglegh, meaning "wood or clearing by a mound" or possibly "windy settlement".[5] In the 13th century, in the time of Edward I, there are references to confirmatory grants of land made to Jordan de Dystelegh of Disley Hall and Roger de Stanley-de-Dystelegh of Stanley Hall in the district, pointing to even older local settlements. It later had the name Dystelegh.[1]

Disley was the home of several farmsteads, including one at Stanley, where the golf club is now located. The barn, erected sometime around the 15th or 16th century, still stands.[6]

Sir Piers Legh of Lyme founded St Mary the Virgin Church, completed in 1524 and consecrated as parish church in 1558. The earliest parish register is from 1591.[6]

In 1724, the road from Manchester to Buxton became a turnpike road and in the early 1800s the road was rerouted from its original route along Jackson's Edge road to the current line of the A6.[6]

At the time of the first census, Disley had a population of 995 residents. By 1881 this had increased to 3312, and as of 2019 the population is now in the region of 4600.

The fountain in Fountain Square was donated by the Orfords in 1837 to provide the village with clean water, the stone coming from the Jacksons Edge Road Quarry. It was used until the 1920s.

The village had at least one cotton mill by the mid-19th century. As the cotton industry declined, more varied employment became the norm. As of 2005, there is a paper mill and some light engineering works, but most people travel out to work.

Governance[edit]

The Crescent, Disley in 2000

The parish of Disley was included in the 19th century as one of three parishes in Hayfield rural sanitary district, alongside Hayfield and Mellor in Derbyshire. In 1894, under the Local Government Act 1894, rural sanitary districts became rural districts, but were required to be entirely within one county or another – this led to Disley, the only Cheshire parish of the sanitary district, to form the Disley Rural District on its own – one of only a few single-parish rural districts to exist. This remained in existence until 1974, when it was merged into the new Borough of Macclesfield, whilst retaining a parish council.[1][2]

In April 2008 a referendum was announced for Disley residents because the Borough of Macclesfield was to become part of the new Cheshire East unitary authority as a result of major local government changes in Cheshire in April 2009. Some residents believed that the village would be better served if it were part of the neighbouring boroughs of Stockport in Greater Manchester or High Peak in Derbyshire.[7] On 8 May 2008 this referendum was held, with an overwhelming result in favour of staying within Cheshire; less than a third of electors wished to become part of the Metropolitan Borough of Stockport and an even lower proportion of the population wished the village to become part of High Peak Borough.[8] Macclesfield Borough Council was succeeded on 1 April 2009 by the new unitary authority of Cheshire East.[9]

People[edit]

Past[edit]

The Grey Cottage, where Allan Monkhouse lived from 1893 to 1902

Nearby Wyberslegh Hall (sometimes spelled Wybersley Hall), which stands between Disley and High Lane, was the birthplace of the Anglo-American novelist Christopher Isherwood.[10]

British historian A.J.P. Taylor bought a house in Higher Disley in 1935, for £525, so he could be close to University of Manchester when he was lecturing.[11]

The playwright, critic, essayist and novelist Allan Monkhouse lived at the Grey Cottage on Jackson's Edge Road from 1893 to 1902,[12] and then at Meadow Bank on the same road until his death in 1936.

Lord John Hunt, who led the first successful Mount Everest expedition in 1953, also lived in Disley.[citation needed]

The director and writer Ian Clark was brought up in Disley[13] and attended Disley Primary School.

Present[edit]

Disley is also the home of:

Points of interest[edit]

The Rams Head Inn in the centre of the village was built by the Legh family in c.1640, though the current exterior was built around 1840. It was formerly a lodge belonging to the Lyme Park estate. It became a main coaching stop on the Manchester to London route. In 1790, after three visits, Viscount Torrington voted it the best inn in England. The Rams Head is now a restaurant and pub, and only part of what once was its extensive stabling block still remains.

Lyme Park is in the civil parish of Lyme Handley, rather than in Disley parish, but it is sufficiently close to be associated with Disley. The hall was used by the BBC as a setting in its 1995 adaptation of Pride and Prejudice.

The Bowstones are two upright crosses on moorland above Lyme Park on the route of the Gritstone Trail. Their origins are unknown but they are believed to be religious. From here it is possible to see seven counties: Derbyshire, Lancashire, Yorkshire, Cheshire, Staffordshire, Shropshire and Clwyd.

Disley is home to Disley Cricket Club,[16] a member of the TACS Cheshire Cricket League, playing their home games at Disley Amalgamated Sports Club (DASC). The 1st XI play in Division 1 having won the Division 2 championship in 2014 and Division 3 in 2013.

Moorside Golf Club, Higher Disley, first appeared in the 1930s. The club continued until the late 1950s but is now defunct.[17]

Stanley Hall Farmhouse is a Grade-II-listed building from the 16th century.[18] Stanley Hall was given to the Stanleys by the Black Prince in 1388 and bought by the Leghs in 1488. Part of the barn, also Grade II listed,[19] was used as the first clubhouse of the Disley golf club.

Education[edit]

Disley has a primary school, Disley Primary School,[20] which in 2020 became an academy as part of The TRUE Learning Partnership, and two nurseries, Blue Grass Purple Cow[21] and Disley Under Fives.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Parish of Disley (Official Guide). Disley Parish Council. 1994.
  2. ^ a b "Borough of Macclesfield: Parish Clerks". Borough of Macclesfield. Archived from the original on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2007.
  3. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  4. ^ The Ordnance Survey (2006). Sheet OL1: The Peak District, Dark Peak area. Ordnance Survey Explorer Map: 1:25000 series. Southampton: Ordnance Survey. ISBN 0-319-23777-X.
  5. ^ "Disley". The Key To English Place Names. English Place Name Society. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  6. ^ a b c "History of Disley". Disley Parish Council. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  7. ^ "Village vote on council change". Manchester Evening News. 12 April 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Disley Parish Council – Declaration of Result of Poll". Disley Parish Council. 8 May 2008. Archived from the original (.doc) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 24 May 2008.
  9. ^ Cheshire (Structural Changes) Order 2008 Archived 17 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Jolly, Margaretta (2001). Encyclopedia of Life Writing: Autobiographical and Biographical Forms. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. p. 475. ISBN 1-57958-232-X.
  11. ^ Morley, Paul (2013). The North (And Almost Everything In It). Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 289. ISBN 978-0747578161.
  12. ^ Blue plaque on building reads: "Literary editor at the Manchester Guardian Allan Noble Monkhouse 1858–1936 lived at the Grey Cottage 1893–1902. Novelist and playwright of the "Manchester School" of drama."
  13. ^ "Clark family history". mandmclark.com. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
  14. ^ "Storeys add to GB cycling golds". BBC. 10 September 2008. Retrieved 29 October 2008.
  15. ^ "Awesome GB sprint team take gold". BBC. 15 August 2008. Retrieved 29 October 2008.
  16. ^ "Disley Cricket Club". www.disleycc.co.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2008.
  17. ^ "Moorside Golf Club, Higher Disley, Cheshire (1930–1950s)". Golf's Missing Links. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  18. ^ Historic England. "Stanley Hall (Grade II) (1231812)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  19. ^ Historic England. "Barn attached at right angles to Stanley Hall (Grade II) (1277457)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  20. ^ "Home page". Disley Primary School. Retrieved 7 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Blue Grass Purple Cow".
  22. ^ "Disley Under Fives".

External links[edit]